August 3, 2014
18th Sunday in Ordinary Time
13 When Jesus heard of it [the death of the John the Baptist], he withdrew in a boat to a deserted place by himself. The crowds heard of this and followed him on foot from their towns.
14 When he disembarked and saw the vast crowd, his heart was moved with pity for them, and he cured their sick. 15 When it was evening, the disciples approached him and said, "This is a deserted place and it is already late; dismiss the crowds so that they can go to the villages and buy food for themselves." 16 (Jesus) said to them, "There is no need for them to go away; give them some food yourselves." 17 But they said to him, "Five loaves and two fish are all we have here." 18 Then he said, "Bring them here to me," 19 and he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass. Taking the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he said the blessing, broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples, who in turn gave them to the crowds. 20 They all ate and were satisfied, and they picked up the fragments left over--twelve wicker baskets full. 21 Those who ate were about five thousand men, not counting women and children.
The fourteenth chapter of Matthew’s gospel begins with an account of Herod’s beheading of John the Baptist. (Matthew 14:1-12) The banquet where Herod did this stands in contrast to the “banquet” that Jesus provides in this text. Herod’s banquet was for an elite group and led to death of John the Baptist. Jesus’ banquet is inclusive. Presumably the sick that came to him are present among the crowd, along with the disciples, and perhaps even some who reported back to the scribes and Pharisees everything that Jesus said or did. They were all invited to this banquet that was provided for them without cost. This banquet ended with 12 wicker baskets full of food being left over after everyone had eaten.
In the first line of the text today, Matthew states that when Jesus heard of the death of John the
Baptist he withdrew to be by himself. The gospel text does not indicate what Jesus might have been thinking as he sought out some quiet place by himself, nor does it indicate what might have been his motivation for engaging the sick and the rest of this crowd. Matthew simply records this incident in the life of Jesus without explanation. The feeding of the 5,000 is the only Galilean miracle recorded in all four gospels. (Matthew 14:14-21, Mark 6:35-44, Luke 9:12-17, and John 6:1-13) Matthew is the only one who places this incident immediately after Jesus hears of the death of the Baptist. Mark and Luke place it at the disciples’ return from having been sent out to preach. John places the event at the end of one of Jesus’ discourses where he questions his listeners on how they will accept his teachings.
Matthew set this banquet in a deserted place. In reality it is not deserted, because Jesus instructs them to be seated on the grass. The location is also close enough to cities of the day to suggest that the crowd could have been dismissed to go and purchase provisions. But being a deserted place has other significance. The location would remind those who heard this text of the exile when their ancestors ate manna from heaven. They would also know of texts like today’s first reading (Isaiah 55:1-3), where the prophet tells a people who know the pain of hunger that God longs to prepare a rich banquet for God’s people. Still another banquet that is brought to mind by Matthew in this text is that of the last supper, where “Jesus took the bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples, said… (Matt 26:26). The members of Matthew’s community, and we as well, are reminded of their weekly celebration of the Lord’s Supper.
The contemporary reader might be offended by the last verse of the text. In the culture of the day, men and women did not associate together in public. In the situation described in the gospel text, the women and children would have been naturally separate from the men. The fact that the text makes mention of how many men were fed but not how many women and children would have been appropriate for the time when it was written. What would have been totally amazing for people of the day was that Jesus provided a meal for even the poor, the sinners, and those who could not repay him. This would have been unheard in their society. Think of all the times Jesus is ridiculed for eating with sinners. Here he has provided a miraculous banquet for a throng of people that included peasants, sinners, and the ritually impure. Jesus’ actions confront both the social norms of the day and the traditional understanding of their relationship with God.
1. How are you usually affected by the death of a close friend or relative? What are the things you do after you have received the news of the death?
2. How do you think Jesus heard about the death of John the Baptist? Do you think that there were those who told him every gruesome detail? How many times do you think people came up to him to offer their condolences?
3. Why do you think Matthew placed this incident in the life of Jesus right after he hears of the death of John the Baptist?
4. What do you think the disciples were thinking when Jesus told them that they themselves should give the crowd something to eat?
5. What do you think the people in the crowd were thinking as word passed among them that they should sit down to prepare for a meal?
6. Where in our present world might people be filled with similar feelings? When have you had similar feelings?
7. What do you think is the point of “picking up the fragments”?
8. What is Jesus teaching you in this text?
On Wednesday of each week, the Gospel and reflection questions for the upcoming Sunday are posted at the following link: http://il-ritiro.org/gospel-reflections.aspx
. You are invited to share your own reflection and comments with others at this website.
Reflection questions are written by Fr. Paul Gallagher, OFM. They are edited by Sister Anne Marie Lom, OSF and Joe Thiel. A Spanish translation of the reflection questions is made possible by Fernando Alessandrini.
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